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Rwanda

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Its Colonial Past and Independent Present

Rwanda has a history that has always changed hands - both between its own people and between European powers. This exchange in the hands of power has deeply cut Rwanda, which makes it one of the best examples of colonial scarring.

"The forest-dwelling Twa" were the first to inhabit the area. The Tutsi arrived between the 14th and 16th centuries, and developed the area "into a highly centralized kingdom", which was ruled by them - even though they were the minority. (Uzoigwe, 390)
The Hutu, on the other hand, were the majority and arrived between the 7th and 10th centuries. They were the agricultural race of the Rwandan region and had no political control. They "served the Tutsi in exchange for protection and the use of cattle." (Uzoigwe, 390)
When the British explorer John Speke becomes the first to explore the area, others become interested in the region, and the power struggle ensues.

 

Its Colonial Past and Independent Present