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Rwanda

The Civil War

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Four years reflecting the horrors of the first Rwandan genocide

Thousands of Tutsis were killed during the genocide, "and some 150,000 [were] driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles . . . formed a rebel group [called] the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war [seemed to simply put] ethnic tensions [on high], [resulting in the] 1994 . . . genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. [In the end,]the Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime". They "ended the killing in July 1994, but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and the former Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but about 10,000 that remain in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo have formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as RPF tried in 1990." (Rwanda)

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Its Colonial Past and Independent Present