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World War I

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World War I's effects on Rwanda

Although the Rwandan region was supposed "to remain neutral in the event of any European war, this was disregarded after the outbreak of World War I. Small forces of Europeans, backed by large [quantities] of locals fought for control of the region. The" largest group fighting for this control was "the Belgians who quickly forced the German forces out of the region. A British offensive from Uganda aided them. The Belgian army was mostly made up of Congolese [troops] who proceeded to loot and pillage the region. A great number of Rwandans, who were fighting alongside the Germans, were killed in the long German retreat." (History of Rwanda)

"After World War I, Rwanda and Burundi were administered by Belgium as the League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi, which became a United Nations following World War II." (Lemarchand 56)

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Its Colonial Past and Independent Present